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Do US Citizens Need Visas To Go To Nigeria?

The United States is a first-world country. Many Nigerians wish to travel and even migrate to the United States. However, getting a US visa whether for a visit, school, or work, is not always easy. Is it the same for United States citizens? Do they also need visas to enter Nigeria? I’ll be answering these questions in this article. Read on.

Do US citizens need visas to enter Nigeria?

The simple answer is yes, as a US citizen, you need a visa to enter Nigeria if you’re not a Nigerian citizen. There are a lot of countries US citizens can enter with just their green card and no visa however, Nigeria is not on that list. 

Just as Nigerians need to apply, go for interviews, and all to get US visas, US citizens also have to do the same. Similarly, there are different types of Nigerian visas and the one to apply depends on your intention of coming to Nigeria. A regular visitor visa to Nigeria lasts for 90 days. Based on your intentions, you may be eligible to extend the visa for another 90 days. 

Is Nigerian Visa Hard To Get?

For US citizens, getting a Nigerian visa is not very difficult. As mentioned earlier, the US is a first-world country so it’s far more developed than Nigeria. Hence, US citizens have fewer reasons to come to Nigeria, which is why the visa application process is not very difficult. Nevertheless, you have to complete and file all the necessary paperwork before you can get a Nigerian visa. 

How to apply for a Nigerian visa 

To get a Nigerian visa, you need to apply to the Consulate or Embassy of Nigeria closest to you. In the United States, Nigeria has an embassy in Washington and a consulate general in New York. 

However, the application is usually online via the Nigeria Immigration website at: https://portal.immigration.gov.ng. After filling out forms online, submit and print them out. Proceed to the payment section and choose payment with money order option and make sure you have the actual fees in money order, as you will be required to input details of the money order in the system. The current fee for a Nigerian visa for US nationals is $160. 

You also have to provide supporting documents which will depend on the type of visa you are applying for. Here are some of them:

For Tourist Visa

  • Current passport (with at least 6 months validity)
  • Completed visa application form
  • Confirmation of online payment receipt
  • Confirmation of online acknowledgment slip
  • 2 passport size pictures
  • Letter of invitation from Host accepting full immigration responsibility
  • Data page of Host passport,
  • Confirmed hotel reservation, if the applicant is not staying with Host
  • Valid return airline ticket.
  • Evidence of funds to cover stay in Nigeria (letter from bank etc.)
  • Holders of non–U.S passports must provide proof of legal residency (photocopy of the Green Card)

For Business Visa 

  • Current passport (with at least 6 months validity)
  • Completed visa application form 
  • Confirmation of online payment receipt
  • Confirmation of online acknowledgment slip
  • 2 passport size pictures
  • Letter of invitation from the Host company, in Nigeria, accepting full immigration and financial responsibility as well as stating the purpose of visit (and duration of stay)
  • Letter of introduction from applicant’s company or organization
  • Holders of non–U.S passports must provide proof of legal residency (photocopy of green card, resident visa, work permit, or necessary visa page)

For Temporary Work

  • Current passport (with at least 6 months validity)
  • Completed visa application form
  • Confirmation of online payment receipt
  • Confirmation of online acknowledgment slip
  • 2 passport size pictures
  • Copy of Comptroller General of Immigration’s approval cable visa that lists the applicant’s name
  • Letter of introduction from the Host organization in Nigeria
  • Cover letter from the U.S company sending the employee
  • Holders of non-U.S passports must provide proof of legal residency (photocopy of the green card)
    • Copy of airline ticket or flight itinerary (WHERE APPLICABLE)
    • Formal application from the Host Company in Nigeria, attaching a copy of the work order indicating the exact job to be performed by the expert.
    • Copy of certificate of incorporation of Host Company in Nigeria

Once you have all the necessary documents and have paid your visa fees, you can schedule an appointment for an interview. You’ll also submit your biometrics. At the end of your interview, you should get your Nigerian visa if you meet all the requirements. 

What happens if my visa expires?

If your Nigerian visa expires, you’re expected to leave the country or renew your visa if you’re eligible. It’s the right thing to do if you respect the law. However, the chances are low that the Nigerian immigration will detect you had overstayed your visit. Nigeria is a famous location in Africa so there are loads of illegal immigrants in the country.

This isn’t to suggest that Nigerian immigration isn’t doing their job; they simply don’t have enough resources to track illegal stays. If you are discovered, however, they are known for quick deportation with little opportunity of appeal, and they have been known to broadcast the faces of individuals captured on national television.

Bottom Line

There are lots of US citizens who are also Nigerian citizens. Such people don’t need a visa to come to Nigeria so long as they have a Nigerian passport. However, if you’re not a Nigerian Citizen you need a visa to enter the country even if you have a green card. 

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